Refunding Bonds vs. Refinancing Bonds
Original post by Victoria Duff of Demand Media
When a municipality borrows money through the bond market during periods of high market interest rates, it naturally wants to be able to refinance those bonds, just as you would want to refinance a high interest rate mortgage, if interest rates decline to lower levels. The issuing municipality includes a refunding provision in its bond indenture, which can be found in the issue prospectus. Corporations and the U.S. Treasury do the same. A refunding provision, or call provision, states a date on which the issuer can refund the bond and refinance it from the proceeds of another lower interest-rate bond issue.
Look for a call date or refunding date in the issue summary section of the prospectus of any bond you are considering buying. It might also have a redemption provision. Any words including but not limited to refund, redeem, refinance or call in the description of the bond issue should raise a red flag in your mind.
Ask about any call or redemption features if you are buying a bond in the secondary market or do not have a prospectus to study in advance. Don't be shy about demanding to see that information if your broker doesn't readily supply the information. Many brokers don't understand the importance of call provisions.
Look for the word refunding or refinancing in the title of a bond. That means that the bond has been issued to provide money to refund a previous issue. Even refunding bonds can have call or refunding provisions, so be careful to check before buying.
Analyze the effect losing the interest income from a refunded or called bond will have on your portfolio, and prepare for such an event. When market interest rates are lower than the coupon rate on your bond, you are likely to have that bond called and redeemed.
Tips & Warnings
- When a bond is refunded or called, if you are a bond holder, you will lose ownership rights on that bond. It will be called away from you and you will be paid an amount of money as a principal repayment -- as though the bond had matured on the date it was called. Depending on the provisions in the bond indenture, this principal payment may be discounted, or lower than the $1000 face value you might expect. It may also carry a premium or higher amount than $1000, but it is common to redeem a callable bond at par, or $1000.
- Municipal Securities Rulemaking Board: What Is an Advance Refunding?
- Municipal Securities Rulemaking Board: Refunding
- Municipal Securities Rulemaking Board: Current Refunding
- Municipal Securities Rulemaking Board: Defeasance
About the Author
Victoria Duff specializes in entrepreneurial subjects, drawing on her experience as an acclaimed start-up facilitator, venture catalyst and investor relations manager. Since 1995 she has written many articles for e-zines and was a regular columnist for "Digital Coast Reporter" and "Developments Magazine." She holds a Bachelor of Arts in public administration from the University of California at Berkeley.