An asset is any property owned by a company or person that has economic value, especially those that can be converted to cash.
An asset is an item that has value and can be converted into cash. Examples include cash (duh), securities, bonds, property such as computers or trucks, land, buildings, accounts receivable, and prepaid expenses.
On the balance sheet, they are generally listed in order of their liquidity -- that is, how close or how easily they can be converted to cash. The more liquid ones, such as cash, short term investments, and accounts receivable (money owed to the company for goods or services already delivered) are listed first. Inventory is generally considered a "current" asset in that it is meant to be turned into goods and then sold within a year. After the current assets are long-termed ones, such as the property the company owns (like desks, computers, buildings, or delivery trucks), net of depreciation. Also included are intangible assets such as patent rights, goodwill, trademarks, and copyrights.
Net asset value
Occasionally you can find a company that for one reason or another is trading for less than the value of the assets on its books. This can especially be the case for companies that own a lot of desirable land or real estate since the value of that asset, as stipulated by generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP), is carried at cost on the books and depreciated over time. When it comes to real estate, however, the value there actually tends to increase over time.
Recent Mentions on Fool.com
- Office Depot Inc. Slumps on Acquisition Doubts
- Safe Stocks Yielding 5% (or More) Do Exist -- Here Are 5 of Them
- Debt Worries Send Chesapeake Energy Corporation?s Stock Spiraling Down 30.7% in November
- Should We Be Excited About Amazon.com, Inc.? A Contrarian Perspective
- Why Kinder Morgan Inc's Stock Dropped 12.7% on Friday, and Dove Again on Monday
- Devon Energy Corp. Unveils Bold Moves to Sharpen its Focus